EconomyWritten by Shara Enay On 05 October 2011
2010 Census: U.S. does worse in income, poverty, health insurance

The U.S. Census Bureau recently released statistics on income, poverty and health insurance coverage in 2010. Below, are some of the key findings:

  • Real median household income in the United States in 2010 was $49,445, a 2.3 percent decline from the 2009 median.
  • The nation’s official poverty rate in 2010 was 15.1 percent, up from 14.3 percent in 2009 ─ the third consecutive annual increase in the poverty rate.
  • There were 46.2 million people in poverty in 2010, up from 43.6 million in 2009 ─ the fourth consecutive annual increase and the largest number in the 52 years for which poverty estimates have been published.
  • The poverty rate in 2010 was the highest since 1993 but was 7.3 percentage points lower than the poverty rate in 1959, the first year for which poverty estimates are available.
  • The number of people without health insurance coverage rose from 49.0 million in 2009 to 49.9 million in 2010, while the percentage without coverage −16.3 percent – was not statistically different from the rate in 2009.
  • In 2010, the earnings of women who worked full time, year-round were 77 percent of that for men working full time, year-round, not statistically different from the 2009 ratio.
  • The number of people with health insurance increased to 256.2 million in 2010 from 255.3 million in 2009.
  • In 2010, 9.8 percent of children under 18 (7.3 million) were without health insurance.
  • The Northeast and the Midwest had the lowest uninsured rates in 2010.

These findings are contained in the report Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2010. The following results for the nation were compiled from information collected in the 2011 Current Population Survey (CPS) Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC). For more information, go to www.census.gov.

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About Author

Shara Enay

Shara Enay is a writer for Hawaii Business magazine. She is a graduate of Kaimuki High School and the University of Hawaii at Manoa. In her free time, she enjoys spending time with family and friends, going to the beach, traveling and watching UH sports.

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